• Twitter
  • OSF
  • GoogleScholar
  • LinkedIn
  • UofT


Park, Y., Impett, E. A., & MacDonald, G. (in press). Generalizability of results from dyadic data: Participation of one versus two members of a romantic couple is associated with breakup likelihood. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Schrage, K., Maxwell, J. A., Impett, E. A., Keltner, D., & MacDonald, G. (in press). Effects of verbal and nonverbal communication of affection on avoidantly attached partners’ emotions and message receptiveness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.


Muise, A., Kim, J.J., Debrot, A., Impett E. A., & MacDonald, G. (in press). Sexual nostalgia as a response to unmet sexual and relational needs: The role of attachment avoidance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Locke, K. D., Barni, D., Morio, H., MacDonald, G., Mastor, K. A., Vargas-Flores, J. D., Ibáñez-Reyes, J., Reyes, J. A., Kamble, S., & Ortiz, F. (in press). Culture moderates the normative and distinctive impact of parents and similarity on young adults’ partner preferences. Cross-Cultural Research.

Locke, K. D., Mastor, K. A., MacDonald, G., Barni, D., Morio, H., Reyes, J. A., Vargas-Flores, J. D., Ibáñez-Reyes, J., Kamble, S., & Ortiz, F. (in press). Young adults’ partner preferences and parents’ in-law preferences across generations, genders, and nations. European Journal of Social Psychology. PDF

Alaei, R., Lévêque, G. MacDonald, G., & Rule, N. (2020). Accuracy and bias in first impressions of attachment style from faces. Journal of Personality. PDF

Tchalova, K. & MacDonald, G. (2020). Opioid receptor blockade inhibits self-disclosure during a closeness-building social interaction. Psychoneuroendocrinology. PDF

Spielmann, S.S., Maxwell, J. A., MacDonald, G., Peragine, D., & Impett, E. A. (2020). The predictive effects of fear of being single on physical attractiveness and less selective partner selection strategies. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 37(1), 100-123. PDF

Nunez Segovia, A., Maxwell, J. A., DiLorenzo, M. G., & MacDonald, G. (2019). No strings attached? How attachment orientation relates to the varieties of casual sexual relationships. Personality and Individual Differences, 151. PDF

Park, Y., Johnson, M., MacDonald, G., & Impett, E. A. (2019). Perceiving gratitude from a romantic partner predicts decreases in attachment anxiety. Developmental Psychology, 55, 2692-2700. PDF

Sanscartier, S. & MacDonald, G. (2019). Healing through community connection? Modeling links between attachment avoidance, connection to the LGBTQ+ community, and internalized heterosexism. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 66, 564-576. PDF

Park, Y., Impett, E. A., MacDonald G., & Lemay, E. P. (2019). Saying "thank you": Partners' expressions of gratitude protect relationship satisfaction and commitment from the harmful effects of attachment insecurity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 117, 773-806. PDF

Park, Y. & MacDonald, G. (2019). Consistency between individuals’ past and current romantic partners' own reports of their personalities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116, 12793-12797. PDF

Pepping, C. A. & MacDonald, G. (2019). Adult attachment and long-term singlehood. Current Opinion in Psychology, 25, 105-109. PDF

Park, Y., Debrot, A., Spielmann, S. S., Joel, S., Impett, E. A., & MacDonald, G. (2019). Distinguishing dismissing from fearful attachment in the association between closeness and commitment. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 10, 563-572. PDF

Hobson, N. M., Kim, J. J., & MacDonald, G. (2018). A camel through the eye of a needle: Prosperity gospel leads to financially risky behaviors by inflating optimism and arousing positive emotions. Psychology of Religion and SpiritualityPDF

Joel, S., Impett, E. A., Spielmann, S. S., & MacDonald, G. (2018). How interdependent are stay/leave decisions? On staying in the relationship for the sake of the romantic partner. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115, 805-824. PDF

Pepping, C. A., MacDonald, G., & Davis, P. J. (2018). Toward a psychology of singlehood: An attachment theoretical perspective on long-term singlehood. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27, 324-331. PDF

Joel, S., MacDonald, G., & Page-Gould, E. (2018). Wanting to stay and wanting to go: Unpacking the content and structure of relationship stay/leave decision processes. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9, 631-644. PDF

DiLorenzo, M. G., Chum, G. T., Weidmark, L. V., & MacDonald, G. (2018). Presence of an attachment figure is associated with greater sensitivity to physical pain following mild social exclusion. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9, 595-603. PDF

Joel, S., Plaks, J. E., & MacDonald, G. (2017). Nothing ventured, nothing gained: People anticipate and experience more regret from missed romantic opportunities than from rejection. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36, 305–336. PDF

Joel, S., MacDonald, G., & Spielmann, S. S. (2017). Motivated use of numerical anchors for judgments relevant to the self. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43, 972-985. PDF

Philipp-Muller, A. & MacDonald, G. (2017). Avoidant individuals may have muted responses to social warmth after all: An attempted replication of MacDonald and Borsook (2010). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 70, 272-280. PDF

Maxwell, J. A., Muise, A., MacDonald, G., Day, L. C., Rosen, N. O. & Impett, E. A. (2017). How implicit theories of sexuality shape sexual and relationship well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 112, 238-279. PDF

Rain, M., Cilento, E., MacDonald, G., & Mar, R. A. (2017). Adult attachment and transportation into narrative worlds. Personal Relationships, 24, 49-74. PDF

Spielmann, S. S., MacDonald, G., Joel, S., & Impett, E. A. (2016). Longing for ex-partners out of fear of being single. Journal of Personality, 84, 799-808. PDF

Spielmann, S. S. & MacDonald, G. (2016). Nice guys finish first when presented second: Responsive daters are evaluated more positively following exposure to unresponsive daters. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 64, 99-105. PDF

Dane, S., Masser, B., & MacDonald, G. (2015). When "in your face" is not out of place: The effect of timing of sexual orientation disclosure under conditions of contact. PLOS ONE, 10(8): e0135023. PDF

MacDonald, G., Baratta, P., & Tzalizidis, R. (2015). Resisting connection following social exclusion: Rejection by an attractive suitor provokes derogation of an unattractive suitor. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6, 766-772. PDF

Joel, S., Teper, R., & MacDonald, G. (2014). People overestimate their willingness to reject potential romantic partners by overlooking their concern for others. Psychological Science, 25, 2233-2240. PDF

Gere, J., MacDonald, G., Joel, S., Spielmann, S. S., & Impett, E. A. (2013). The independent contributions of social reward and threat perceptions to romantic commitment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105, 961-977. PDF

Spielmann, S. S., MacDonald, G., Maxwell, J. A., Joel, S., Peragine, D., Muise, A., & Impett, E. A. (2013). Settling for less out of fear of being single. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105, 1049-1073. PDF

Joel, S., MacDonald, G., & Plaks, J. (2013). Romantic relationships conceptualized as a judgment and decision-making domain. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 461-465. PDF

Gere, J. & MacDonald, G. (2013). Assessing relationship quality across cultures: An examination of measurement equivalence. Personal Relationships, 20, 422-442. PDF

Joel, S., Gordon, A. M., Impett, E.A., MacDonald, G., & Keltner, D. (2013). The things you do for me: Perceptions of a romantic partner's investments promote gratitude and commitment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1333-1345. PDF


MacDonald, G., Locke, K. D., Spielmann, S. S., & Joel, S. (2013). Insecure attachment predicts ambivalent social threat and reward perceptions in romantic relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30, 647-661. PDF

Maxwell, J. A., Spielmann, S. S., Joel, S., & MacDonald, G. (2013). Attachment theory as a framework for understanding responses to social exclusion. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 444-456. PDF

Nail, P. R., Di Domenico, S. I., & MacDonald, G. (2013). Proposal of a double diamond model of social response. Review of General Psychology, 17, 1-19. PDF

Spielmann, S. S., Joel, S., MacDonald, G., & Kogan, A. (2013). Ex appeal: Current relationship quality and emotional attachment to ex-partners. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 175-180. PDF

Spielmann, S. S., Maxwell, J. A., MacDonald, G., & Baratta, P. L. (2013). Don't get your hopes up: Avoidantly attached individuals perceive lower social reward when there is potential for intimacy. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 91-107. PDF

Spielmann, S. S., MacDonald, G., & Tackett, J. L. (2012). Social threat, social reward, and regulation of investment in romantic relationships. Personal Relationships, 19, 601-622. PDF

MacDonald, G., Marshall, T. C., Gere, J., Shimotomai, A., & July, L. (2012). Valuing romantic relationships: The role of family approval across cultures. Cross Cultural Research, 46, 366-393. PDF

Joel, S., MacDonald, G., & Plaks, J. E. (2012). Attachment anxiety uniquely predicts regret proneness in close relationship contexts. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 348-355. PDF

Nordgren, L.F., Banas, K., & MacDonald, G. (2011). Empathy gaps for social pain: Why people underestimate the pain of social suffering. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 120-128. PDF

Joel, S., MacDonald, G., & Shimotomai, A. (2011). Conflicting pressures on relationship commitment for anxiously attached individuals. Journal of Personality, 79, 51-71. PDF

MacDonald, G., Nail, P. R., & Harper, J. (2011). Do people use "reverse psychology?" An exploration of strategic self-anticonformity. Social Influence, 6, 1-14. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Borsook, T.K. (2010). Attachment avoidance and feelings of connection in social interaction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1122-1125. PDF

Borsook, T.K. & MacDonald, G. (2010). Mildly negative social encounters reduce physical pain sensitivity. Pain, 151, 372-377. PDF

DeWall, C.N., MacDonald, G., Webster, G.D., Masten, C., Baumeister, R.F., Powell, C., Combs, D., Schurtz, D.R., Stillman, T.F., Tice, D.M., & Eisenberger, N.I. (2010). Acetaminophen reduces social pain: Behavioral and neural evidence. Psychological Science, 21, 931-937. PDF

Gere, J., & MacDonald, G. (2010). An update of the empirical case for the Need to Belong. Journal of Individual Psychology, 66, 93-115. PDF

Dane, S. K. & MacDonald, G. (2009). Heterosexuals' acceptance predicts same-sex attracted young adults' well-being beyond ingroup support. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26, 659-677. PDF

Spielmann, S. S., MacDonald, G., & Wilson, A. E. (2009). On the rebound: Focusing on someone new helps anxiously attached individuals let go of ex-partners. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 1382-1394. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Lipp, O. V. (2008). Mortality salience eliminates attentional bias for fear-relevant animals. Motivation and Emotion, 32, 243-250. PDF

MacDonald, G. (2008). Use of pain threshold reports to satisfy social needs. Pain Research and Management, 13(4), 309 - 319. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Jessica, M. (2006). Family approval as a constraint in dependency regulation: Evidence from Australia and Indonesia. Personal Relationships, 13, 183-194. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Kingsbury, R. (2006). Does physical pain augment anxious attachment? Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23, 291-304. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Leary, M.R. (2005). Why does social exclusion hurt? The relationship between social and physical pain. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 202-223. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Leary, M.R. (2005). Roles of social pain and defense mechanisms in response to social exclusion: Reply to Panksepp (2005) and Corr (2005). Psychological Bulletin, 131, 237-240. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Nail, P.R. (2005). Attitude change and the public-private attitude distinction. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 15-28. PDF

MacDonald, G., Nail, P.R., & Levy, D.A. (2004). Expanding the scope of the social response context model. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 26, 77-92. PDF

MacDonald, G., Saltzman, J.L., & Leary, M.R. (2003). Social approval and trait self-esteem. Journal of Research in Personality, 37(2), 23-40. PDF

MacDonald, T. K., MacDonald, G., Zanna, M. P. & Fong, G. T. (2000). Alcohol, sexual arousal, and intentions to use condoms in young men: Applying alcohol myopia theory to risky sexual behavior. Health Psychology, 19, 290-298. PDF

Nail, P. R., MacDonald, G. & Levy, D. A. (2000). Proposal of a four-dimensional model of social response. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 454-470. PDF

MacDonald, G., Zanna, M. & Holmes, J. (2000). An experimental test of the role of alcohol in relationship conflict. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 182-194. PDF

Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., MacDonald, G. & Ellsworth, P. C. (1998). Through the looking glass darkly? When self-doubts turn into relationship insecurities. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 75, 1459-1480. PDF



MacDonald, G. & Jensen-Campbell, L. A. (2011). Social pain: Neuropsychological and health implications of loss and exclusion. Washington, DC: APA Books.



Pepping C. A. & MacDonald, G. (in press).  The influence of attachments in close relationships on mental health.  In J. Kirby & P. Gilbert (Eds.) Making an Impact on Mental Health and Illness.  New York: Taylor and Francis.

Maxwell, J. A., Muise, A., MacDonald, G., & Impett, E.A. (2019). Implicit Theories of Sexuality Scale. In Milhausen, R., Sakaluk, J. K., Fisher, T., Davis, C.M. & Yarber, W. (Eds). The Handbook of Sexuality-Related Measures (4th ed.). PDF

Tchalova, K. & MacDonald, G. (2017). The interpersonal is the political: The role of social belongingness in emotional experience and political orientation. In R. Kingston, K. Banerjee, J. McKee, Y.C. Chien, & C.C. Vassilious (Eds.), Emotions, Community, and Citizenship: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives (154-175). Toronto, Ont.: University of Toronto Press. Link

Borsook, T. K., & MacDonald, G. (2013). Social pain. In C. N. DeWall (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Social Exclusion (pp. 163-176). Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Leary, M. R. (2012). Individual differences in self-esteem: A review and theoretical integration. In M. R. Leary & J. P. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of Self and Identity (2nd ed.) (pp. 354-377). New York: Guilford. Link

MacDonald, G., Borsook, T., & Spielmann, S. S. (2011). Defensive avoidance of social pain via perceptions of social threat and reward. In G. MacDonald & L. A. Jensen-Campbell (Eds.), Social Pain: Neuropsychological and Health Implications of Loss and Exclusion. (pp. 141-160). Washington, DC: APA Books.

MacDonald, G. (2009). Social pain and hurt feelings. In P.J. Corr & G. Matthews (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology (pp.541-555). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. PDF

MacDonald, G. & Packer, D.J. (2009). Persuasion. In H. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Human Relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. PDF

Nail, P. R. & MacDonald, G. (2007). The social response context model: New directions for social influence theory and research. In A. Pratkanis (Ed.), The Science of Social Influence: Advances and Future Progress (pp.193-221). New York: Psychology Press.

MacDonald, G. (2007).  Self-esteem: A human elaboration of prehuman belongingness motivation. In C. Sedikides & S. Spencer (Eds.), The Self in Social Psychology (pp. 412 - 456). New York: Psychology Press. PDF

Leary, M.R. & MacDonald, G. (2003). Individual differences in trait self-esteem: A theoretical integration. In M. Leary and J. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of Self and Identity (pp. 410-418). New York: Guildford Publications.